Xiangru ZHANG 張相如

Xiangru
ZHANG
張相如

PhD in Environmental Engineering
Professor
Research Area
Environmental
Research Interests
Detection, toxicity and control of emerging disinfection byproducts and micropollutants
Drinking water security
Innovative water and wastewater treatment processes
Profile

PhD , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Teaching Activities

CIVL2410  Environmental Engineering and Management
CIVL2420  Water and Wastewater Engineering
CIVL4430  Environmental Impact Assessment
CIVL5430  Aquatic Chemistry
CIVL5460  Landfill Engineering and Design
CIVL5470  Industrial Wastewater Treatment
JEVE5470 Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Research Projects

Removal of Intermediate Aromatic Halogenated DBPs by Activated Carbon Adsorption: A New Approach to Controlling Regulated Trihalomethanes and Haloacetic Acids in Chlorinated Drinking Water

Formation of Polar Iodinated DBPs and Control Strategies for Iodinated/Brominated DBPs during Chlorination of Saline Sewage Effluents

Evaluating the Comparative Toxicity of Drinking Water DBP Mixtures from Different Disinfection Processes: A New Approach with a Marine Polychaete 

A Summary of My Main Research

The Mansion of DBPs: Contributions of Aromatic halo-DBPs to TOX and Development

The Mansion of DBPs: Contributions of Aromatic Halo-DBPs to TOX and Developmental Toxicity

Selected Publications

Chen, B. Y.; Jiang, J. Y.; Yang, X.; Zhang, X. R.; Westerhoff, P. Roles and knowledge gaps of point-of-use technologies for mitigating health risks from disinfection byproducts in tap water: a critical review. Water Research, 2021, 200, 117265.

Han, J. R.; Zhang, X. R.; Jiang, J. Y.; Li, W. X. How much of the total organic halogen and developmental toxicity of chlorinated drinking water might be attributed to aromatic halogenated DBPs? Environmental Science & Technology, 2021, 55, 5906−5916.

Han, J. R.; Zhang, X. R.; Li, W. X.; Jiang, J. Y. Low chlorine impurity might be beneficial in chlorine dioxide disinfection. Water Research, 2021, 188, 116520.

Zhang, D.; Wu, Y.; Zhang, X. R.; Li, W.; Li, Y.; Li, A.; Pan, Y. Identification, formation and control of polar brominated disinfection byproducts during cooking with edible salt, organic matter and simulated tap water. Water Research, 2020, 172, 115526.

Jiang, J. Y.; Han, J. R.; Zhang, X. R. Nonhalogenated aromatic DBPs in drinking water chlorination: A gap between NOM and halogenated aromatic DBPs. Environmental Science & Technology, 2020, 54, 1646–1656.

Wu, Q. Y.; Zhou, Y. T.; Li, W. X.; Zhang, X. R.; Du, Y.; Hu, H.Y. Underestimated risk from ozonation of wastewater containing bromide: Both organic byproducts and bromate contributed to the toxicity increase. Water Research, 2019, 162, 43–52.

Yang, M. T.; Zhang, X. R.; Liang, Q. H.; Yang, B. Application of (LC/)MS/MS precursor ion scan for evaluating the occurrence, formation and control of polar halogenated DBPs in disinfected waters: A review. Water Research, 2019, 158, 322–337.

Liu, J. Q.; Zhang, X. R.; Li, Y.; Li, W. X.; Hang, H.; Sharma, V. K. Phototransformation of halophenolic disinfection byproducts in receiving seawater: Kinetics, products, and toxicity. Water Research, 2019, 150, 68–76.

Jiang, J. Y.; Zhang, X. R. A smart strategy for controlling disinfection byproducts by reversing the sequence of activated carbon adsorption and chlorine disinfection. Science Bulletin, 2018, 63, 1167–1169.

Han, J. R.; Zhang, X. R. Evaluating the comparative toxicity of DBP mixtures from different disinfection scenarios: A new approach by combining freeze-drying or rotoevaporation with a marine polychaete bioassay. Environmental Science & Technology, 2018, 52, 10552–10561.

Li, W. X.; Zhang, X. R.; Li, X. Y.; Lee, J. H. W. Mystery of the high chlorine consumption in disinfecting a chemically enhanced primary saline sewage. Water Research, 2018, 145, 181–189.

Zhang, Y. L.; Bu, Y. N.; Han, J. R.; Liu, Y.; Chen, B. Y.; Zhang, X. R.; Yang, M. T.; Sui, Y. T. A facile and green pretreatment method for nonionic total organic halogen (NTOX) analysis in water — Step I. Using electrodialysis to separate NTOX and halides. Water Research, 2018, 145, 631–639.

Bu, Y. N.; Song, M. R.; Han, J. R.; Zhang, Z. X.; Chen, B. Y.; Zhang, X. R.; Yang, M. T. A facile and green pretreatment method for nonionic total organic halogen (NTOX) analysis in water — Step II. Using photolysis to convert NTOX completely into halides. Water Research, 2018, 145, 579–587.

Sun, H. F.; Liu, H.; Han, J. R.; Zhang, X. R.; Cheng, F. Q.; Liu, Y. Chemical cleaning-associated generation of dissolved organic.

matter and halogenated byproducts in ceramic MBR: Ozone versus hypochlorite. Water Research, 2018, 140, 243–250.

Gong, T. T.; Tao, Y. X.; Zhang, X. R.; Hu, S. Y.; Yin, J. B.; Xian, Q. M.; Ma, J.; Xu, B. Transformation among aromatic iodinated disinfection byproducts in the presence of monochloramine: From monoiodophenol to triiodophenol and diiodonitrophenol. Environmental Science & Technology, 2017, 51(18), 10562–10571.

Jiang, J. Y.; Zhang, X. R.; Zhu, X. H.; Li, Y. Removal of intermediate aromatic halogenated DBPs by activated carbon adsorption: A new approach to controlling halogenated DBPs in chlorinated drinking water. Environmental Science & Technology, 2017, 51(6), 3435–3444.

Liu, J. Q.; Zhang, X. R.; Li, Y. Photoconversion of chlorinated saline wastewater DBPs in receiving seawater is overall a detoxicification process. Environmental Science & Technology, 2017, 51(1), 58–67.

Li, Y.; Yang, M. T.; Zhang, X. R.; Jiang, J. Y.; Liu, J. Q.; Yau, C. F.; Graham, N. J. D.; Li, X. Y. Two-step chlorination: A new approach to disinfection of a primary sewage effluent. Water Research, 2017, 108, 339–347.

Cai, W. W.; Liu, J. Q.; Zhang, X. R.; Ng, W. J.; Liu, Y. Generation of dissolved organic matter and byproducts from activated sludge during contact with sodium hypochlorite and its implications to on-line chemical cleaning in MBR. Water Research, 2016, 104, 44–52.

Zhu, X. H.; Zhang, X. R. Modeling the formation of TOCl, TOBr and TOI during chlor(am)ination of drinking water. Water Research, 2016, 96, 166–176.

Pan, Y.; Zhang, X. R.; Li, Y. Identification, toxicity and control of iodinated disinfection byproducts in cooking with simulated chlor(am)inated tap water and iodized table salt. Water Research, 2016, 88, 60–68.

Yang, M. T.; Liu, J. Q.; Zhang, X. R.; Richardson, S. D. Comparative toxicity of chlorinated saline and freshwater wastewater effluents to marine organisms. Environmental Science & Technology, 2015, 49(24), 14475–14483.

Gong, T. T.; Zhang, X. R. Detection, identification and formation of new iodinated disinfection byproducts in chlorinated saline wastewater effluents. Water Research, 2015, 68, 77–86.

Yang, M. T.; Zhang, X. R. Halopyrroles: A new group of highly toxic DBPs formed in chlorinated saline wastewater. Environmental Science & Technology, 2014, 48(20), 11846–11852.

Liu, J. Q.; Zhang, X. R. Comparative toxicity of new halophenolic DBPs in chlorinated saline wastewater effluents against a marine alga: Halophenolic DBPs are generally more toxic than haloaliphatic ones. Water Research, 2014, 65, 64–72.

Deng, Z.; Yang, X.; Shang, C.; Zhang, X. R. An electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method for differentiating chlorine substitution in disinfection by-product formation. Environmental Science & Technology, 2014, 48(9), 4877–4884.

Zhai, H. Y.; Zhang, X. R.; Zhu, X. H.; Liu, J. Q.; Ji, M. Formation of brominated disinfection byproducts during chloramination of drinking water: New polar species and overall kinetics. Environmental Science & Technology, 2014, 48(5), 2579–2588.

Pan, Y.; Zhang, X. R.; Wagner, E. D.; Osiol, J.; Plewa, M. J. Boiling of tap water: Effect on polar brominated disinfection byproducts, halogen speciation, and cytotoxicity. Environmental Science & Technology, 2014, 48(1), 149–156.

Yang, M. T.; Zhang, X. R. Comparative developmental toxicity of new aromatic halogenated DBPs in a chlorinated saline sewage effluent to the marine polychaete Platynereis dumerilii. Environmental Science & Technology, 2013, 47(19), 10868–10876.

Gong, T. T.; Zhang, X. R. Determination of iodide, iodate and organo-iodine in waters with a new total organic iodine measurement approach. Water Research, 2013, 47(17), 6660–6669.

Ding, G. Y.; Zhang, X. R.; Yang, M. T.; Pan, Y. Formation of new brominated disinfection byproducts during chlorination of saline sewage effluents. Water Research, 2013, 47(8), 2710–2718.

Pan, Y.; Zhang, X. R. Four groups of new aromatic halogenated disinfection byproducts: Effect of bromide concentration on their formation and speciation in chlorinated drinking water. Environmental Science & Technology, 2013, 47(3), 1265– 1273.

Pan, Y.; Zhang, X. R. Total organic iodine measurement: A new approach with UPLC/ESI‐ MS for off‐ line iodide separation/detection. Water Research, 2013, 47(1), 163–172.

Xiao, F.; Zhang, X. R.; Zhai, H. Y.; Lo, I. M. C.; Tipoe, G. L.; Yang, M. T.; Pan, Y.; Chen, G. H. New halogenated disinfection byproducts in swimming pool water and their permeability across skin. Environmental Science & Technology, 2012, 46(13), 7112–7119.

Xiao, F.; Zhang, X. R.; Penn, L.; Gulliver, J. S.; Simcik, M. F. Effects of monovalent cations on the competitive adsorption of perfluoroalkyl acids on kaolinite: Experimental studies and modeling. Environmental Science & Technology, 2011, 45(23), 10028–10035.

Zhao, Q.; Shang, C.; Zhang, X. R.; Ding, G. Y.; Yang, X. Formation of halogenated organic byproducts during medium-pressure UV and chlorine coexposure of model compounds, NOM and bromide. Water Research, 2011, 45(19), 6545–6554.

Zhai, H. Y.; Zhang, X. R. Formation and decomposition of new and unknown polar brominated disinfection byproducts during chlorination. Environmental Science & Technology, 2011, 45(6), 2194–2201.

Li, Y.; Zhang, X. R.; Shang, C.; Krasner, S. W. Evaluation and improvement of total organic bromine analysis with respect to reductive property of activated carbon. Water Research, 2011, 45(3), 1229–1237.

Li, Y.; Zhang, X. R.; Shang, C. Effect of reductive property of activated carbon on total organic halogen analysis. Environmental Science & Technology, 2010, 44(6), 2105–2111.

Ding, G. Y.; Zhang, X. R. A picture of polar iodinated disinfection byproducts in drinking water by (UPLC/)ESI-tqMS. Environmental Science & Technology, 2009, 43(24), 9287–9293.

Zhai, H. Y.; Zhang, X. R. A new method for differentiating adducts of common drinking water DBPs from higher molecular weight DBPs in electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry analysis. Water Research, 2009, 43(8), 2093–2100.

Zhang, X. R.; Talley, J. W; Boggess, B.; Ding, G. Y.; Birdsell, D. Fast selective detection of polar brominated disinfection byproducts in drinking water using precursor ion scans. Environmental Science & Technology, 2008, 42(17), 6598–6603.

Liu, G. J.; Zhang, X. R.; Talley, J. W.; Neal, C. R.; Wang, H. Y. Effect of NOM on arsenic adsorption by TiO2 in simulated As(III)-contaminated raw waters. Water Research, 2008, 42(8-9), 2309–2319.

Zhang, X. R.; Minear, R. A. Removal of low molecular weight DBPs and inorganic ions for characterization of high molecular weight DBPs in drinking water. Water Research, 2006, 40(5), 1043–1051.

Zhang, X. R.; Minear, R. A. Formation, adsorption and separation of high molecular weight disinfection byproducts resulting from chlorination of aquatic humic substances. Water Research, 2006, 40(2), 221–230.

Zhang, X. R.; Minear, R. A.; Barrett, S. E. Characterization of high molecular weight disinfection byproducts from chlorination of humic substances with/without coagulation pretreatment using UF-SEC-ESI/MS/MS. Environmental Science & Technology, 2005, 39(4), 963–972.

Zhang, X. R.; Echigo, S.; Lei, H.; Smith, M. E.; Minear, R. A.; Talley, J. W. Effects of temperature and chemical treatment on the formation of bromoorganic DBPs from ozonation of raw waters. Water Research, 2005, 39(2-3), 423–435.

Zhang, X. R.; Minear, R. A.; Guo, Y.; Hwang, C. J.; Barrett, S. E.; Ikeda, K.; Shimizu, Y.; Matsui, S. An electrospray ionization- tandem mass spectrometry method for identifying chlorinated drinking water disinfection byproducts. Water Research, 2004, 38(18), 3920–3930.

Zhang, X. R.; Minear, R. A. Characterization of high molecular weight DBPs resulting from chlorination of aquatic humic substances. Environmental Science & Technology, 2002, 36(19), 4033–4038.

Zhang, X. R.; Minear, R. A. Decomposition of trihaloacetic acids and formation of the corresponding trihalomethanes in drinking water. Water Research, 2002, 36(14), 3665–3673.